Nanjing, the abbreviation is Ning, the Jiangsu Province provincial capital, It is situated at Ning town knoll mountainous area of the down of Changjiang River, the north latitude 31 ' 14 '' ~ 32 36, East longitude 118 22 ~119 14, North continually vast Jiangsu and Anhui plain, East meets the bountiful Changjiang River delta.
Whole city total area is 6,516 square kilometers; urban district is 976 square kilometers among them. Total population is 5.2982 million, Agricultural population is 2.5971 million, and Non- agricultural population is 2.7011 million. The area of Under jurisdiction cross north and south bank of Yangtze River, including six cities as Xuanwu, Baixia, QinHuai, JianYe, Gulou, Xiaguan, five suburbs such as Yuhautai, Qixia, Pukou, Liuhe, Jiangning, as well as two counties of lishui and Gaochun. Within the boundaries the mountainous region, the rivers, the plain interlock, the east of the city has the clock mountain barrier, the south of the city has ten mile QinHuai. Flows of Changjiang River through the Nanjing section is approximately 95 kilometers, the river is wide and water is deep, ten thousand tons ocean-going ships may be open to navigation all year long, Qinhuai River and the Chu river valley plain is the important agricultural region of whole city.
Nanjing is the subtropics humid climate, the four seasons are clear, rain water abundant, the energy of light resources is sufficient, the yearly average temperature is 15.6, highest temperature is 43 (on July 13, 1934), the lowest temperature is - 16.9 (on January 6, 1955). The annual fall rains 117 day, the rainfall amount is 1106.5 millimeters, frost-free period 237 days. Every year at the end of June to mid-July is the rainy season.
The natural resource is rich within the boundaries, has verified mineral resource has 40 kinds. Among them, the hard sulfur reserves are occupies about 40 percent of the entire province; the strontium reserves and situation is the head of the Southeast Asia.